鸣鹤拳 Whooping Crane.

October 25, 2008

拳诀有这么.一句话狗法落地蓬车莲(注)鹤法全靠摇宗手。鹤法中所谓摇宗手摇身过解指手法和身法的变化方式,就是我们前面说过的宗劲。鸣鹤拳也是一种鹤拳,它的发劲也离不开宗劲。

鸣鹤拳在发劲后,劲力到达各关节时,有明显的颤吹之劲。福建人称这种动叫做(也有人称之为吹劲宗心的).

鸣鹤拳的发劲方法,也是气沉丹田,劲由腰起,下至足,使两足落地如生根,再从两足由下往上发于全身各部。这种劲较为明显地表现为两手有显著的颤抖之感,吹 抖的频率很快。每次发出颤吹劲时,两手有显著的弹劲,不断地颤抖,待劲催达顶端时突然出击,使之有一寸劲

鸣鹤拳的这种发劲方法需要长年累月不间断地锻炼,并非在一、二个月的时间内即可练成的。只有经过平时刻苦的训练,使身体各部的柔韧性得到进一步提高,肌肉 的弹性和活动性不断得到加强,神经肌肉的活动反应迅速,同时收缩力加强,再加上气沉丹田,以气催劲,以声助力,这样发出来的劲才会成为鸣鹤拳里的那种 。所以鸣鹤拳的套路以外观来说比宗鹤拳的拳势更为激烈,勇猛矫健,且富有阳刚之美。

鸣鹤拳要求在训练之时应注意头要顶、项要稳,要含胸拔背,要沉肩坠肘(这些身法在宗鹤拳里已提过不再赘述)。注意力要集中,使目光敏锐有神,动作矫捷机灵,神态安详,两足落地如生根。练时以头、身、手、足四种力势为三战之步法的根基。
鸣鹤拳跟其他三种鹤拳一样,也是以三战为其本,故练举时也应首先练好三战,而且要一年三百六十天持续不断地练,拳不离手,使之熟而生巧。巧而生妙。只有练 好了三战,才能使动作协调,才谈得上手、眼,身、法、步、气、力、功的紧密配合。这就是鸣鹤拳老前辈时常说的三战为先。端正为务
鸣鹤这一拳种也跟其他南拳一样,有一个共同的特点,就是手上的动作较多。在技击上也讲金、木、水、火、土的五行变化。这五种手法讲相生、相克,即金生水、水生木、木生火、火生土、土生金;火克金、水克火、上克水、木克上、金克木。

根据前面这十种相生、相克,互相矛盾又互相转化的手法,在训练时自始至终都得保持着吞、吐、浮、沉的变化,还应正确配合气功的腹式呼吸。其配合方法是:吞为吸,吐为呼,浮为呼,沉为吸。

要想成为一个优秀的鹤拳师,使周身的动作自如协调,劲能贯穿一气,技击上能神出鬼没,首先应掌握好正确的呼吸方法及其配合。

鸣鹤拳在训练时也以套路出现,如练三战后还得转入四门(即方向打四方)。在套路训练中体力消耗大,有起、伏、转、拆,上、下、左、右出入,还得配合吞、吐 1浮、沉,变化也十分复杂。在呼吸时,多以胸式呼吸引向腹式呼吸,当胸式呼吸受到一定限制时.就多以腹式呼吸为主,有时由于动作上的要求使腹肌十分紧张, 又多侧重于胸式呼吸,有时还得阔气。这些正确的呼吸形式、乃是保证正确运动的重要因素。同样,正确的动作也可以提高呼吸机能的水平,提高人体的换气量,增 强人体各器官的机能。

By far, one of the most accurate descriptions  posted on Fuzhou Whooping Crane; this piece is extracted from a Crane Fist forum.

For those of you who understand Mandarin, the “inch power” mentioned in not some “advance” method of execution but rather one of the characteristics of Whooping Crane’s style of whipping.

And the author, I suspect must be a Whooping Crane high-hand, rightly pointed out that after the fundamental “SanChin” is the “4 Doors” concept training.

TaiZu uses the same training concept and after the “4 Doors”, you go on to “5 gates 8 methods”.

The “5 gates” here refers to attacking zones that old masters frequently use when talking about fighting principles.

Like for instance, in Por Suk’s Wing Chun, they have a set of drills known as “guarding the 5 Lotus points”….

This part :-

“在训练时自始至终都得保持着吞、吐、浮、沉的变化,还应正确配合气功的腹式呼吸。其配合方法是:吞为吸,吐为呼,浮为呼,沉为吸.”

is the essence of Whooping Crane’s Sanchin.

The unique aspect of Whooping Crane Sanchin is the addition of 5 element hands and the end result is now known as “San Jin” or “3 Advances”.

 

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